Which are the largest crane manufacturers in the world?
By KHL editorial staff and Alex Dahm22 November 2022
Like last year’s ICm20 table of the world’s largest crane manufacturers this year sees some big changes but for different reasons. Alex Dahm reports.
Ranking the world’s largest crane manufacturers according to the value of their crane-related sales activity sounds simple enough. Ordinarily it works out quite well as it has usually done through the many years we have been doing the ICm20.
In last year’s table, the major upheaval was that many companies changed places as a result of the huge surge in sales put on by Chinese manufacturers, despite there being a global pandemic. In this year’s table it is less about changes in position and more about exchange rates.
Converting the company’s sales figures from their local currencies into US dollars has created a significantly different picture from usual due to big changes in currency exchange rates since last year.
Primarily this concerns the rate of exchange between the US Dollar and the Euro, the Japanese Yen and the Chinese Yuan. Against this time last year the value of the Dollar is 30 % up on the Yen, 19 % up on the Euro, and 14 % up on the Yuan.
This year’s total value of the ICm20 companies’ sales in US dollars is US$35,431,553,926, down 4 per cent from last year’s $36,944,945,662. Without the extreme shift in the exchange rates and the high value of the dollar contributing towards the $1.5 billion difference from one year to the next, it would be interesting to know if there would have been an increase on last year.
While a decline in the total might be unsurprising given the potential impact of a global pandemic, all but three of the companies in the ranking posted increases in sales over the year before, several of them well into double digits.
It should also be noted that one of those three companies, Terex, has a lower figure this year as a result of readjustment of an over estimation of the total in previous years. It doesn’t report separate figures for its crane sales which are now all incorporated in the Materials Processing division.
Terex is also likely to have increased its crane sales since last year, probably across all its tower, pick and carry and rough terrain ranges, in line with the majority of other manufacturers.
Largest crane manufacturers of 2022
In terms of places in the ICm20 table, the top three are the same as last year, headed by XCMG, followed by Zoomlion, both from China. Liebherr in third increased its crane sales, in its reporting currency, by more than 11.5 %, as did XCMG. Zoomlion’s increase was a more modest 4.6 %.
In fourth place this year China’s ZPMC displaced fellow port and industrial crane maker Konecranes from that position. Finland-based Konecranes was further displaced to 6th by another Chinese manufacturing company, Sany, which gained a place in 5th with a 7 % increase in sales.
Retaining its 7th place is Cargotec which increased its crane sales by 4.7 %. Its Hiab loader crane division was largely responsible for the rise.
Next is Manitowoc, gaining one place at the expense of Tadano, down one to 9th. The former posted an impressive 19 % increase in sales (reporting in US$) while Tadano, also in double digits, was up 10.5 %, in its reporting currency, as noted above, worth much less than a year ago against the dollar.
Rounding out the top 10 is Palfinger, in the same position as last year, despite a 16.5 % increase in sales. Also retaining the same place in 11th is industrial crane manufacturer Columbus McKinnon, up a massive 40 % on last year.
The next three, Kato, Sennebogen and Link-Belt, all gained places in the table at the expense of Terex, as noted earlier. The Japan-, Germany- and USA-based trio all posted double digit increases in sales, Sennebogen by a spectacular 30 % over last year.
HSC gained a place at 16th with a 23 % increase in sales. Introduction of several new models is likely to have helped this Japanese manufacturer, now called Sumitomo Heavy Industries Construction Cranes Co (formerly Hitachi Sumitomo).
Increases were reported by the parent company Sumitomo Corporation “in all of orders, sales and operating profit as demand was recovering in Japan and the North America region.” Operating profit in the logistics and construction segment at JPY 19.3 billion, was 42 % up on the previous year.
Fellow Japanese crawler crane manufacturer Kobelco, down one place at 17th, reported its crane sales as being similar to the year before. Even though sales were down in the USA due to an issue with regulatory compliance concerning the Hino engines, they were up in India, Europe and other places, by way of compensation.
This may change in reverse for next year’s table, however, in light of the news about a similar regulatory compliance issue now affecting some crane and excavator models with Hino engines sold in Europe.
Loader crane manufacturer Fassi from Italy, in 18th, gained a place from last year, on the back of a 28 % rise in sales, from €189 million to €242 million. To illustrate the exchange rate difference mentioned earlier the increase on the dollar conversion figures from this year and last is just 9.25 %.
Next in the table is Manitex with a 26 % increase in sales. The USA-based manufacturer of boom trucks also makes loader cranes (PM) and industrial yard cranes (Valla) in Italy.
In 20th place this year Furukawa has dropped from 18th losing out to the big increases at Manitex and Fassi, plus its sales were down by JPY4 billion.
Notes on the ICm20
Figures used in this ICm20 table for November 2022 are from calendar year 2021 or the 12 month financial year to 31 March 2022. The year-on-year percentage change figures for revenue mentioned in the article are normally calculated in the reporting currencies of the manufacturers or are supplied by the manufacturers.
In some cases, where stated, they are calculated from the figures given in the table which are conversions to US dollars from the various reporting currencies. For the figures in this year’s table the exchange rates from the reporting currencies into US dollars are listed below:
US$1 = €1.03
US$1 = JPY 148.04
US$1 = CNY (RMB) 7.32
US$1 = RM (MYR) 4.74
Exchange rates on 03 November 2022 from xe.com (Note that the ICm20 table does not account for exchange rate fluctuations from year to year).